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Passage Four

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

Every fall, like clockwork, Linda Krentz of Beaverton, Oregon, felt her brain go on strike. “I just couldn’t get going in the morning,” she says. “I’d get depressed and gain 10 pounds every winter and lose them again in the spring.” Then she read about seasonal affective disorder, a form of depression that occurs in fall and winter, and she saw the light-literally. Every morning now she turns on a specially constructed light bo* for half an hour and sits in front of it to trick her brain into thinking it’s still enjoying those long summer days. It seems to work.

Krentz is not alone. Scientists estimate that 10 million Americans suffer from seasonal depression and 25 million more develop milder versions. But there’s never been definitive proof that treatment with very bright lights makes a difference. After all, it’s hard to do a double-blind test when the subjects can see for themselves whether or not the light is on. That’s why nobody has ever separated the real effects of light therapy from placebo(安慰剂) effects.

Until now.jgzyw. In two of the groups, the placebo problem was resolved by telling patients they were comparing light bo*es to a new anti-depressant device that emits negatively charged ions(离子). The third used the timing of light therapy as the control.

Why does light therapy work? No one really knows. “Our research suggests it has something to do with shifting the body’s internal clock,” says psychiatrist Dr. Lewey. The body is programmed to start the day with sunrise, he e*plains, and this gets later as the days get shorter. But why such subtle shifts make some people depressed and not others is a mystery.

That hasn’t stopped thousands of winter depressives from trying to heal themselves. Light bo*es for that purpose are available without a doctor’s prescription. That bothers psychologist Michael Terman of Columbia University. He is worried that the bo*es may be tried by patients who suffer from mental illness that can’t be treated with light. Terman has developed a questionnaire to help determine whether e*pert care is needed.

In any event, you should choose a reputable manufacturer. Whatever product you use should emit only visible light, because ultraviolet light damages the eyes. If you are photosensitive(对光敏感的), you may develop a rash. Otherwise, the main drawback is having to sit in front of the light for 30 to 60 minutes in the morning. That’s an inconvenience many winter depressives can live with.

26. What is the probable cause of Krentz’s problem?

A) An une*pected gain in body weight.

B) Une*plained impairment of her nervous system.

C) Weakening of her eyesight with the setting in of winter.

D) Poor adjustment of her body clock to seasonal changes.

27. By saying that Linda Krentz “saw the light”(Line 4, Para. 1), the author means that she “ ”.

A) learned how to lose weight

B) realized what her problem was

C) came to see the importance of light

D) became light-hearted and cheerful

28. What is the CURRENT view concerning the treatment of seasonal depression with bright lights?

A) Its effect remains to be seen.

B) It serves as a kind of placebo.

C) It proves to be an effective therapy.

D) It hardly produces any effects.

29. What is psychologist Michael Terman’s major concern?

A) Winter depressives will be addicted to using light bo*es.

B) No mental patients would bother to consult psychiatrists.

C) Inferior light bo*es will emit harmful ultraviolet lights.

D) Light therapy could be misused by certain mental patients.

30. Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A) Winter depressives prefer light therapy in spite of its inconvenience.

B) Light therapy increases the patient’s photosensitivity.

C) Eye damage is a side effect of light therapy.

D) Light bo*es can be programmed to correspond to shifts in the body clock.

Part Ⅲ Vocabulary (20 minutes)

Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the NOE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

31. Susan has the elbows of her son’s jacket with leather patches to make it more durable.

A) reinforced B) sustained

C) steadied D) confirmed

32. Although we tried to concentrate on the lecture, we were by the noise form the ne*t room.

A) distracted B) displaced

C) dispersed D) discarded

33. The reason why so many children like to eat this new brand of biscuit is that it is particularly sweet and .

A) fragile B) feeble

C) brisk D) crisp

34. Don’t trust the speaker any more, since the remarks he made in his lectures are never with the facts.

A) symmetrical B) comparative

C) compatible D) harmonious

35. They had to eat a(n) meal, or they would be too late for the concert.

A) temporary B) hasty

C) immediate D) urgent

36. Having a(n) attitude towards people with different ideas is an indication that one has been well educated.

A) analytical B) bearable

C) elastic D) tolerant

37. No form of government in the world is ; each system reflects the history and present needs of the region or the nation.

A) dominant B) influential

C) integral D) drastic

38. In spite of the economic forecast, manufacturing output has risen slightly.

A) faint B) dizzy

C) gloomy D) opaque

39. Too often Dr. Johnson’s lectures how to protect the doctor rather than how to cure the patient.

A) look to B) dwell on

C) permeate into D) shrug off

40. Located in Washington D.C., the Library of Congress contains an impressive of books on every conceivable subject.

A) flock B) configuration

C) pile D) array

41. Some felt that they were hurrying into an epoch of unprecedented enlightenment, in which better education and beneficial technology would wealth and leisure for all.

A) maintain B) ensure

C) certify D) console

42. Fiberoptic cables can carry hundreds of telephone conversations .

A) homogeneously B) spontaneously

C) simultaneously D) ingeniously

43. E*cellent films are those which national and cultural barriers.

A) transcend B) traverse

C) abolish D) suppress

44. The law of supply and demand will eventually take care of a shortage or of dentists.

A) surge B) surplus

C) flush D) fluctuation

45. One third of the Chinese in the United States live in California, in the San Francisco area.

A) remarkably B) severely

C) drastically D) predominantly

46. After the terrible accident, I discovered that my ear was becoming less .

A) sensible B) sensitive

C) sentimental D) sensational

47. Now the cheers and applause in a single sustained roar.

A) mingled B) tangled

C) baffled D) huddled

48. Among all the public holidays, National Day seems to be the most joyful to the people of the country; on that day the whole country is in a festival atmosphere.

A) trapped B) sunk

C) soaked D) immersed

49. The wooden cases must be secured by overall metal strapping so that they can be strong enough to stand rough handling during .

A) transit B) motion

C) shift D) traffic

50. Nowadays many rural people flock to the city to look for jobs on the assumption that the streets there are with gold.

A) overwhelmed B) stocked

C) paved D) overlapped

51. It is a wellknown fact that the cat family lions and tigers.

A) enriches B) accommodates

C) adopts D) embraces

52. My boss has failed me so many times that I no longer place any on what he promises.

A) assurance B) probability

C) reliance D) conformity

53. The English language contains a of words which are comparatively seldom used in ordinary conversation.

A) latitude B) multitude

C) magnitude D) longitude

54. It was such a(n) when Pat and Mike met each other in Tokyo. Each thought that the other was still in Hong Kong.

A) occurrence B) coincidence

C) fancy D) destiny

55. Parents have to learn how to follow a bodys behavior and adapt the tone of their to the badys capabilities.

A) perceptions B) consultations

C) interactions D) interruptions

56. Governments today play an increasingly larger role in the of welfare, economics, and education.

A) scopes B) ranges

C) ranks D) domains

57. If businessmen are ta*ed too much, they will no longer be to work hard, with the result that ta* revenues might actually shrink.

A) cultivated B) licensed

C) motivated D) innovated

58. Jack is not very decisive, and he always finds himself in a as if he doesn’t know what he really wants to do.

A) fantasy B) dilemma

C) contradiction D) conflict

59. He is a promising young man who is now studying at our graduate school. As his supervisor, I would like to him to your notice.

A) commend B) decree

C) presume D) articulate

60. It was a wonderful occasion which we will for many years to come.

A) conceive B) clutch

C) contrive D) cherish

Part Ⅳ Cloze (15 minutes)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Although there are many skillful Braille readers, thousands of other blind people find it difficult to learn that system. They are thereby shut 61 from the world of books and newspapers, having to 62 on friends to read aloud to them.

A young scientist named Raymond Kurzweil has now designed a computer which is a major 63 in providing aid to the 64 . His machine, Cyclops, has a camera that 65 any page, interprets the print into sounds, and then delivers them orally in a robot-like 66 through a speaker. By pressing the appropriate buttons 67 Cyclops’s keyboard, a blind person can “read” any 68 document in the English language.

This remarkable invention represents a tremendous 69 forward in the education of the handicapped. At present, Cyclops costs $50,000. 70 , Mr. Kurzweil and his associates are preparing a smaller 71 improved version that will sell 72 less than half that price. Within a few years, Kurzweil 73 the price range will be low enough for every school and library to 74 one. Michael Hingson, Director of the National Federation for the Blind, hopes that 75 will be able to buy home 76 of Cyclops for the price of a good television set.

Mr. Hingson’s organization purchased five machines and is now testing them in Maryland, Colorado, Iowa, California, and New York. Blind people have been 77 in those tests, making lots of 78 suggestions to the engineers who helped to produce Cyclops.

“This is the first time that blind people have ever done individual studies 79 a product was put on the market,” Hingson said. “Most manufacturers believed that having the blind help the blind was like telling disabled people to teach other disabled people. In that 80 , the manufacturers have been the blind ones.”

61. A) up B) down C) in D) off

62. A) dwell B) rely C) press D) urge

63. A) e*ecution B) distinction C) breakthrough D) process

64. A) paralyzed B) uneducated C) invisible D) sightless

65. A) scans B) enlarges C) sketches D) projects

66. A) behavior B) e*pression C) movement D) voice

67. A) on B) at C) in D) from

68. A) visual B) printed C) virtual D) spoken

69. A) stride B) trail C) haul D) footprint

70. A) Likewise B) Moreover C) However D) Though

71. A) but B) than C) or D) then

72. A) on B) for C) through D) to

73. A) estimates B) considers C) counts D) determines

74. A) settle B) own C) invest D) retain

75. A) schools B) children C) families D) companies

76. A) models B) modes C) cases D) collections

77. A) producing B) researching C) ascertaining D) assisting

78. A) true B) valuable C) authentic D) pleasant

79. A) after B) when C) before D) as

80. A) occasion B) moment C) sense D) event

Section B Compound Dictation

Certain phrases one commonly hears among Americans capture their devotion to individualism: “Do you own thing.” ”I did it my way.” ”You’ll have to decided that for yourself.” “You made your bed, now (S1) in it.” “if you don’t look out for yourself, no one else will.” “Look out for number one.”

Closely (S2) with the value they place on indi8vidualism is the importance Americans (S3) to privacy. Americans assume that people need some time to themselves or some time alone to think about things or recover their (S4) psychological energy. Americans have great (S5) understanding foreigners who always want to be with another person who dislike being alone.

If the parents can (S6) it, each child will have his or her own bedroom. Having one’s own bedroom, her books, her books and so on. These things will be hers and no one else’s.

Americans assumer that (S9). Doctors, lawyers, psychologists, and others have rules governing confidentiality that are intended to prevent information about their clients’ personal situations form becoming known to others.

American’s attitude about privacy can be hard for foreigners to understand. (10) . When those boundaries are crossed , an American’s body will visibly stiffen and his manner will become cool and aloof.

Part Ⅴ Writing

In this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Say No to Pirated Products.

1. 目前盗版的现象比较严重

2. 造成这种现象的原因及危害

3. 我们应该怎么做?

盗版 piracy (n.) 盗版产品 pirated products 知识产权 intellectual property rights 侵犯版权 infringe sb’s copyright; copyright infringement


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